A diagram of the yugas cycle.

A diagram of the yugas cycle.

What Are the Yugas?

In the West people often view time as linear, with the future being more evolved than the past. In India, however, time is viewed a cyclical, that people slowly evolve, then slowly devolve, only to slowly evolve again. This is called the “yuga cycle,” and it is divided into four different “yugas” or ages. The highest age is Satya Yuga, then Treta Yuga, then Dwapara Yuga, and the least evolved age is Kali Yuga.

The yugas are further broken up by whether they are ascending or descending, meaning whether we are in the part of the cycle that is going up toward the higher ages, or heading down to the lower ones. The entire cycle takes 24,000 years. Sri Yukteswar, a renowned Indian astrologer and Self-realized soul, gives us in his book The Holy Science some idea of what the different yugas are like.

Kali Yuga — The Age of Materialism

During Kali Yuga, humans are the least evolved, spiritually and intellectually. People are generally only able to comprehend material things, and live lives of ignorance. Will power was very low and most people passively accepted their fate. Most written accounts of ancient knowledge were destroyed.

Religion was rigid, dogmatic, and intolerant. Some people did know higher religious teachings, but they had to hide to avoid persecution. Of course in every yuga there are souls whose consciousness reflects a higher age, and the world’s last Kali Yuga was no exception, having brilliant philosophers and artists. Near the end of ascending Kali Yuga (1700 AD) the Renaissance happened and a lot of knowledge that was thought lost was found.

Dwapara Yuga — The Age of Energy

Dwapara Yuga, the age we are living in now, is referred to as the age of energy because in this age we are better able to understand and harness energy than in Kali Yuga. In this Dwapara Yuga, technology is booming and all sorts of new religions, philosophies, and scientific discoveries are popping up. We now know that matter and energy are interchangeable.

This is the age when we learn to transcend space and distance. We are already doing it somewhat, with telephone, internet, and high speed transportation, and in the future we will probably discover the secret of instantaneous travel allowing us to wander among the stars. Unfortunately, we still have a long way to go.  Dwapara Yuga people are extremely self-interested, and so our motivation to achieve is usually selfish. And there are higher ways of perceiving the universe than just reason. In Treta Yuga, we learn how to use our intuition.

Treta Yuga — The Age of Thought

In Treta Yuga, we recognize that everything is interconnected. We will have strong mental powers such as telekinesis, mental telepathy, and the ability to manifest whatever we need. If there is any war, it will not be widespread; most people will be peace-loving and compassionate. It will not necessarily be more technologically advanced than Dwapara Yuga, just more spiritually advanced. Being more spiritually advanced and able to manifest at will whatever we need, we may actually leave technology behind and choose to live more simply and naturally.

The big difference that separates the lower two yugas, Kali and Dwapara, from the upper two, Treta and Satya, is self-interest. People in Kali and Dwapara Yuga are often greedy and live only to help themselves and sometimes their family and friends. In Treta and Satya Yuga however, people recognize that we’re all connected and so work for the good of everyone as much as themselves.

Satya Yuga — The Age of Spirit

Satya Yuga is currently incomprehensible to us, as is Treta Yuga; however, Sri Yukteswar does say in his book, “The human intellect can comprehend all, even God the Spirit beyond this visible world.” This is the age when we will be so spiritually advanced, that God himself is part of our everyday experience. We will be able see God in everyone and everything. Our intuition will be completely developed, and we will live in happiness and natural simplicity. We will understand the nature of the universe, and be able to communicate telepathically to anywhere in the world.

There are many myths about this “Golden Age” in many different cultures. Some of the things that these myths share are:

  • People are considered “demi-gods” and can able to fly and create things at will
  • People look young their entire lives and do not get diseases
  • People can communicate with animals and live in harmony with nature and each other
  • The weather is perfect and there is plenty of food
  • Everyone can communicate in one language


Although this cycle of the yugas is not currently accepted in Western science, there is plenty of evidence for it that is known to the West, but currently ignored. For more about this evidence, see The Yugas by Joseph Selbie and David Steinmetz. If we can better understand our past and where our world is headed, it will help us to make better decisions now. We can also hold the Satya Yuga person up as an example of how we should behave: in harmony with nature and the rest of humankind, treating everything as if it were a part of ourselves, because, underneath the appearance of life, it is.

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See The Yugas In Depth, an on-demand online course. The cycle of yugas holds keys to understanding our hidden past, an emerging energy age, and the enlightened future.


  1. With the dawning of the age of Aquarius upon us, when will we pass into the silver age or Treta Yuga? And how to you determine this?

    1. blank

      Hi Maary,

      According to Sri Yukteswar, we will enter Treta Yuga in 4100 AD. He explains his logic in his book “The Holy Science”, although it’s a bit difficult to understand.


  2. LOL, these people believe we are in the Dwapara Yuga, with all the corruption and greed in this world…LOL Lord Kalki that’s funny!!!!!

  3. Dwarpayuga ended when the Krishna aka Vishnu god left the earth after his death. It is said that Kali yuga started after Krishna’s death.

  4. According to Hinduism , the the life time of kali yuga is about 432000 years, now we are in golden age of kali yuga, at end of kali yuga people have no character , donot respect relationship , outcry everywhere , all people will preveil gods,
    at the end 10th avtaar of vishnu lord kalki take birth for disaster and human rights . And new yuga start with zero negative earth.
    for more detail read ‘kalki purana’.

  5. This is AMAZING!!! Thank you for providing this most excellent breakdown of the Yuga cycle.

  6. Dear All,
    There are many Incarnations on the planet, both seen and unseen to help humanity out of the morass of Ego and separation and spiritual Ignorance
    Meher Baba was one avatar
    Mata Amritananda Mayi is here.. http://www.amritapuri.org
    She received the United Nations Gandhi-King award in 2002 for Her global charity and peace work.
    There are others paths up the mountain through other faith traditions, & all are here to hold the Light as we slog through this endless “leela”.

  7. Hey ! Nice to learn about yugas
    How one can identify how long a yug will long or end and when other will start

  8. I have been seriously researching on this topic.The following are recommended:_
    The Gita any version. This gives the introduction to yugas and talks of yrs without specifying as Divya or human. Since God is speaking to a human he would have sufficed them with the word Divya. Since it is not so we should consider that Krishna meant it to be human yrs.The detailed explanation to corroborate it is given by astronomer saint Sri Yukteshwar in The Holy Science.
    Now we could go to see the working of the titanic plates in the Drift theory of various continents.
    ‘re gently Lwisconian university with Smithsonian institute came up with their calculations when we have a Dissolution .This dissolution we call as Maha. Parody. The last parlay. Happened a mountain Himmalyas were formed from a sea bed. Similarly The Australian continent separated
    some 70 yrs ago etc

  9. Pingback: The 4 Hallowed Shankaracharya Peethas

  10. Thank you for the information,

    For those with eyes, open them, and see, even a blind person can see
    For those with ears listen carefully, even a deaf person can hear
    For those who are able, use your tactile abilities, and sensory input, you have the ability to fully understand

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