Chitta

chit-uh - छित्त

“Yogas chitta vritti nirodha.” (“Yoga is the neutralization of the vortices of feeling.”)
Patanjali [ref]The Art and Science of Raja Yoga, Swami Kriyananda. Step Two, “The Paths of Yoga.”[/ref]

Chitta is one of the four aspects of consciousness. The aspect of chitta allows for subjectivity, one’s emotional reaction, affected by what it sees and its own nature. For example, if a bitter taste affects one negatively, then one’s perception of a bitter tasting fruit will be negative. [ref]Demystifying Patanjali, Swami Kriyananda. The Fourth Book, “Kaivalya Pada.”[/ref] The other three aspects of mind are manas (perceiving mind) buddhi (intelligence), and ahankara (ego). [ref]God Is for Everyone, by Swami Kriyananda. Chapter 10, “The Science of Religion.”[/ref]

In various translations of the yoga sutras, chitta is sometimes defined as “mind-stuff” [ref]The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, James Haughton Woods. Book I, “Concentration or Samadhi.”[/ref] or “the lower mind.” [ref]A Commentary on the Voice of Silence, Charles Webster Leadbeater, Annie Besant. Chapter 3, “The Slayer of the Real.”[/ref] However, according to Swami Kriyananda “feeling” is a more precise translation because feeling can go either outward to ego consciousness, which creates lower aspects of the mind, or inward and upward to higher consciousness qualities like self-control, devotion, and calmness.

Patanjali says that yoga “neutralizes” or calms chitta, rather than destroying it. Yoga results in the experience of the vortices of feeling — whirlpools of desire and attachment — as a calm ocean of feeling. This stills the mind and allows one to perceive God. [ref]Demystifying Patanjali, Swami Kriyananda. The First Book, “Samadhi Pada.”[/ref] In the body, chitta is centered in the heart. [ref]Demystifying Patanjali, by Swami Kriyananda. Book 1, Sutra 2, “Yoga is the neutralization of the vortices of feeling.”[/ref]